Logic

Logic Pro X : 01 Learn the structure

By 2014年10月13日 One Comment

Structure of Logic

Now, let’s start with learning the structure and concept of DAW.
A song is consisted on many factors e.g. tempo, rhythms, chords, melodies, instruments and effects…

Where is the instruments data? Where is the tempo list? Where is the melody score?
The first thing you’ve got to learn is how Logic manages these factors.

1. Instruments and Effectors

Guitar, piano, drums or whatever. What instruments you use and what effectors you inserts are what you have to manage first.

instlist

Logic has the instruments list, called “Mixer“.

Mixer

Below is a mixer of my sample project.

Instruments are listed in column, and each column is called “track“.
Effects are listed under the instrument slots.

Note : These instruments / effects are called “Plug-In”.

A circular knob is “panner“, which defines the position(L-R) of the track.
Fader” controlls the track volume.

Edit Plugins

Hover your mouse over a slot, and three buttons are shown.
By clicking them, you can take actions.


Left: Bypass switch. / Center: Open plugin. /Right: Change plugin.

This time, I opened a compressor plugin.
If you are a beginner, you don’t need to edit them as you can load a large number of presets including effectors.

Main Window

So the first is inst/effect. And the second is what melody you play, what rhythms you beat out, how volumes change or how sounds change… In short, the score.

Most of important data are gathered here at Main Window.


a.k.a. “Arrange Window”

In main window, tracks are shown as a horizontal list.
On the right side are colorful boxes called “Region“s.
Each region has a score information and you can open it by double click.

Piano Roll

This is it!
It doesn’t looks like what you see on a music sheet or a band score or anything, but this is the DTM style.

This kind of score is called “Piano Roll” and each small block is called “note”.
You have to place them one by one (or record them via MIDI). It’s damn simple but hard work. You’ve got to plug away.

  • Horizontal position = Timing
  • Vertical position = Interval
  • Note length = Length
  • Note color = Velocity (how strongly you play)

Of course there’s also ordinal style score (you can see it on “score” tab),
but piano roll is more instinctive and is much easier to compose with your mouse.

So even if you’re accustomed to writing scores, I strongly recommend using piano roll.

Workflow

So after all, the workflow is quite simple.

  • Create a new project file.
  • Add tracks (Template does this automatically).
  • Insert plugins (You can use many presets).
  • Make regions. Add notes.

Then adjust sound balance in mixer, finally export it. That’s all.
There are many other things for extended use, but the basis is really simple and easy to master.

The next section will tell you the details of each process.

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